Investigating the role of adipokines in chronic migraine
VERY COOL but quite tentative:
this adipokine may be considered as a potential migraine biomarker, since increased levels of adiponectin are found in both EM and CM patients
Three Dozen Migraine Susceptibility Loci Uncovered in Large Meta-Analysis
Nice writeup of this meta analysis in Nature. If you don’t want to do the free registration to read the genomeweb piece, they 38 loci (loci = spot in the genome) associated with migraine, including 28 that had never been found before.
A couple interesting things about this study:
- 13 loci have previously been associated with migraine and this study replicated 10 of them. False positives are a big problem in this kind of study (GWAS: Genome Wide Association Analysis), so that gives us a bit more confidence that those 10 have something to do with migraine.
- Most of the loci were in protein coding genes – genes that make things that could maybe be made wrong and give us horrible headaches, etc. They could have been loci that don’t really do much important, which wouldn’t have told us as much about how migraine might work.
- Most of those protein coding genes are for things that have to do with the vascular system and its regulation and some are even genes that cause other vascular diseases. That means we might want to start looking more closely at the vascular system for treatment and cures. This also hints at why blood pressure drugs seem to work for many people’s migraines – even when they don’t have high blood pressure.
- The involvement with the vascular system lines up with other stuff we know about migraine
Finding such a link to vascular tissue is consistent with migraine
comorbidities and previously reported shared polygenic risk among
migraine, stroke, and cardiovascular disease, the researchers noted.
- And on my favorite topic lately, migraine and BROKEN GUTS – many of the genes get expressed in the guts!
Palotie and his colleagues also searched for tissues that are enriched
for the expression of these 38-migraine associated genes. Based on this
analysis, they found that the most strongly associated tissues were part
of the cardiovascular system, though tissues in the digestive system
also showed enrichment.
- Ok, last fact, I promise. It’s really cool though. They found the first ever migraine associated gene on the X chromosome. You know the one ladies and two of and dudes have one of? Could this point to why migraine fucks with so many more women than men?
When I first got Botox it didn’t do a goddamn thing – except paralyze my forehead. But after I’d gotten multiple rounds of injections over the course of 6-9 months, I saw real improvement in the intensity of my attacks. Now, there’s evidence showing that you could still expect big improvements from Botox even after your 3rd set of injections. Not only are those improvements then maintained if you keep up with injections, but there may even be additional improvements.
I tried Botox for the first time more than 15 years ago, then 4 years ago, but each time I only got one set of injections and then stopped after I saw no improvement in the first 3 months. Now I’ve been getting injections every 3 months for more than a year. I haven’t had my worst category of migraine in more than 6 months and I’m well enough to get out of bed and even eat during most migraines. 😀
So, if you’ve tried Botox and it didn’t work for you, try it again in 3 month increments for at least 6 months and then decide. Given it’s minimal side effects compared to other migraine preventative “treatments,” it’s probably worth a shot!
From Cephalalgia. 2016 Jun 10. pii: 0333102416652092.
New Insight Into The Cause of Migraine
Many of these risk variants localize inside or close to genes that regulate the vascular system.
The research is in Nature Genetics. (full access paywall)
I’ll have a bit of a writeup with more details from this REALLY COOL paper in a few weeks.
June 20, 2016
the-glam-witch: Pass it on. Relevant: this study on CFS risk in migraine patients. The current study demonstrated an increased risk of CFS in migraineurs. Proposed mechanisms in previous studies such as mitochondrial dysfunction and central sensitization may underlie the shared … Continue reading